Common Language

Learning Practice: Students have opportunities to engage in learning and get feedback on progress informally from teacher, peers or through self-reflection.  Learning practice is an important component of the learning process to demonstrate mastery prior to a summative assessment.  (examples: hands-on learning activities, group work, homework practice, self-reflection, small group discussion with exit ticket on learning target)

Formative Assessment: Process used by both teachers and students during instruction that provides descriptive feedback to adjust teaching and learning.  Formative assessment inform students about their learning progress and next steps for learning growth before a summative assessment.  Receiving high quality, timely and actionable feedback from the teacher is a critical part of the formative assessment process for students.  It is also a tool to inform teachers about instructional decisions as they relate to the student. Formative assessments are an important part of the learning process and to demonstrate readiness for summative assessments. (examples: quizzes, journals, hands-on learning activities with oral or written response to learning target)

Summative Assessment: Measures student academic achievement and progress towards mastery of power standards/learning targets.  They provide opportunities to measure student progress by determining if students have learned the intended goals.  Providing actionable feedback on the results is important so students can monitor their progress and set future learning goals. (examples: unit assessment or project)

Grading and Reporting